Let’s imagine a text is a machine that makes some thing.

The machine makes the thing, and the thing is different from the machine. The machine has to take certain physical forms in order to make the thing it makes, but these physical properties are not the point of the machine: its product is the point.

So we can see the machine’s product – the thing – as the producer of the machine: if the product is to have a certain quality, then the machine that makes it must have (different) qualities of its own which are capable of manufacturing that certain quality in the product. The product depends in all its qualities upon all the qualities of the machine that makes it, and yet the machine depends in all its qualities upon the qualities of the product that will result from it.

I want to try out this machine idea with some analogies to diverse actors in the process of manufacturing, playing and listening to a piano.